MLD is used to treat lymphedema following cancer treatments and to reduce pain and alleviate edema caused by venous diseases, surgery, primary lymphedema and trauma, pregnancy or scars.
MLD is gentle hand movement using a pumping action on the skin without oils. This technique is a type of skin massage, which improves lymph flow and reabsorption without increasing capillary filtration.
The theoretical bases for using such modes of manual therapy are founded on the following concepts:
1) stimulating the lymphatic system via an increase in lymph circulation
2) expediting the removal of biochemical wastes from body tissues (detoxification)
3) enhancing body fluid dynamics, facilitating edema reduction.